Follow the link for british rock : 1965-1968 : Swinging London PDF information. Acid rock » may also be a synonym.
Christophe Delbrouck continue son impressionnant déroulé chronologique de l’histoire du rock britannique. Il s’attarde cette fois sur la scène londonienne de 1965 à 1968. Années essentielles pour cette musique dans un contexte où les Rolling Stones et les Animais vendent des centaines de milliers de disques, et les Beatles des millions. Difficile de se faire une place sur le devant de la scène. Pourtant, dans l’effervescence créatrice du moment, de nombreux autres groupes, poussés par des maisons concurrentes, vont tenter de connaître leur succès. Beaucoup échouent, mais c’est aussi à cette époque qu’apparaissent Jimi Hendrix, les Who, Soft Machine, les Moody Blues, Deep Purple, Cream, Pink Floyd et tant d’autres. Christophe Delbrouck livre une foule de détails sur nombre de stars plus ou moins éphémères, ainsi que sur leurs disques et leurs concerts. Swinging London est aussi un témoignage sur l’évolution des moeurs et celle de la politique dans la société britannique des sixties. En parallèle à cette formidable effervescence artistique, de nouvelles idées émergent et se bousculent en s’opposant à l’ordre établi. Christophe Delbrouck souligne l’impact du rock sur la société dans une période d’audace et de transgression, mais aussi de grandes tensions.
Psychedelic rock is a diverse style of rock music inspired, influenced, or representative of psychedelic culture, which is centred around perception-altering hallucinogenic drugs. As a musical style, psychedelic rock attempted to replicate the effects of and enhance the mind-altering experiences of hallucinogenic drugs, incorporating new electronic sound effects and recording effects, extended solos, and improvisation. The term « psychedelic » was coined in 1956 by psychiatrist Humphry Osmond first as an alternative descriptor for hallucinogenic drugs in the context of psychedelic psychotherapy. In the popular music of the early 1960s, it was common for producers, songwriters, and engineers to freely experiment with musical form, arrangements, unnatural reverb, and other sound effects.
American folk singer Bob Dylan was a massive influence on mid 1960s rock music. He led directly to the creation of folk rock and the psychedelic rock musicians that followed, and his lyrics were a touchstone for the psychedelic songwriters of the late 1960s. According to music journalist Barry Miles: « Hippies didn’t just pop up overnight, but 1965 was the first year in which a discernible youth movement began to emerge. Many of the key ‘psychedelic’ rock bands formed this year. Beatles and the Beach Boys were the era’s most pivotal acts. In Unterberger’s opinion, the Byrds, emerging from the Los Angeles folk rock scene, and the Yardbirds, from England’s blues scene, were more responsible than the Beatles for « sounding the psychedelic siren ». The Kinks would also incorporate guitars to mimic the drones of Indian music on « See My Friends », another Top 10 hit just a few weeks later.
A number of California-based folk acts followed the Byrds into folk-rock, bringing their psychedelic influences with them, to produce the « San Francisco Sound ». I know it’s hard, but make a note of that word because it’s going to be scattered round the in-clubs like punches at an Irish wedding. Musicologist William Echard writes that in 1966, « the psychedelic implications » advanced by recent rock experiments « became fully explicit and much more widely distributed, » and by the end of the year, « most of the key elements of psychedelic topicality had been at least broached. In February and March, two singles were released that later achieved recognition as the first psychedelic hits: the Yardbirds’ « Shapes of Things » and the Byrds’ « Eight Miles High ». In October 1966, the Texas band 13th Floor Elevators debuted with The Psychedelic Sounds of the 13th Floor Elevators. They were the first group to advertise themselves as psychedelic rock, having done so since the end of 1965.
1967 was when psychedelic rock received widespread media attention and a larger audience beyond local psychedelic communities. From 1967 to 1968, psychedelic rock was the prevailing sound of rock music, either in the whimsical British variant, or the harder American West Coast acid rock. Psychedelic rock’s popularity accelerated following the success of the Monterey Pop Festival and the release of the Beatles’ album Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band in the same week of June. According to author Edward Macan, there ultimately existed three distinct wings of British psychedelic music. The US and UK were the major centres of psychedelic music, but in the late 1960s scenes began to develop across the world, including continental Europe, Australasia, Asia and south and Central America.