Follow the link for more information. In this Catalan name, the paternal family name is Gaudí and the maternal family name is Cornet. Gaudí’s works have a highly individualized, and one-of-a-kind style. Gaudí’s work was influenced by his passions in life: architecture, nature, children’s Investigate Series : Formule 1 PDF religion.
Under the influence of neo-Gothic art and Oriental techniques, Gaudí became part of the Modernista movement which was reaching its peak in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. His work transcended mainstream Modernisme, culminating in an organic style inspired by natural forms. Gaudí’s work enjoys global popularity and continuing admiration and study by architects. His masterpiece, the still-incomplete Sagrada Família, is the most-visited monument in Spain.
Gaudí’s exact birthplace is unknown because no supporting documents have been found, leading to a controversy about whether he was born in Reus or Riudoms, two neighbouring municipalities of the Baix Camp district. Most of Gaudí’s identification documents from both his student and professional years gave Reus as his birthplace. Gaudí stated on various occasions that he was born in Riudoms, his paternal family’s village. Gaudí had a deep appreciation for his native land and great pride in his Mediterranean heritage for his art.
He believed Mediterranean people to be endowed with creativity, originality and an innate sense for art and design. Gaudí reportedly described this distinction by stating, « We own the image. Fantasy is what people in the North own. The image comes from the Mediterranean.
Young Gaudí suffered from poor health, including rheumatism, which may have contributed to his reticent and reserved character. These health concerns and the hygienist theories of Dr. Gaudí attended a nursery school run by Francesc Berenguer, whose son, also called Francesc, was later one of Gaudí’s main assistants. Between 1875 and 1878, Gaudí completed his compulsory military service in the infantry regiment in Barcelona as a Military Administrator. Most of his service was spent on sick leave, enabling him to continue his studies.
His poor health kept him from having to fight in the Third Carlist War, which lasted from 1872 to 1876. He gained wider recognition for his first important commission, the Casa Vicens, and subsequently received more significant proposals. Gaudí completely changed the initial design and imbued it with his own distinctive style. From 1915 until his death he devoted himself entirely to this project. The 1888 World Fair was one of the era’s major events in Barcelona and represented a key point in the history of the Modernisme movement. Catholic artistic society founded in 1893 by the bishop Josep Torras i Bages and the brothers Josep and Joan Llimona.
At the beginning of the century, Gaudí was working on numerous projects simultaneously. They reflected his shift to a more personal style inspired by nature. In 1900, he received an award for the best building of the year from the Barcelona City Council for his Casa Calvet. Gaudí was the model for Saint Philip Neri’s face. As a result of Gaudí’s increasing fame, in 1902 the painter Joan Llimona chose Gaudí’s features to represent Saint Philip Neri in the paintings for the aisle of the Sant Felip Neri church in Barcelona.
Finally, in 1906, he settled in a house in the Güell Park that he owned and which had been constructed by his assistant Francesc Berenguer as a showcase property for the estate. An event that had a profound impact on Gaudí’s personality was Tragic Week in 1909. Gaudí remained in his house in Güell Park during this turbulent period. The anticlerical atmosphere and attacks on churches and convents caused Gaudí to worry for the safety of the Sagrada Família, but the building escaped damage. Gaudí participated on the invitation of count Güell, displaying a series of pictures, plans and plaster scale models of several of his works. Although he participated hors concours, he received good reviews from the French press. During the Paris exposition in May 1910, Gaudí spent a holiday in Vic, where he designed two basalt lampposts and wrought iron for the Plaça Major of Vic in honor of Jaume Balmes’s centenary.
The decade from 1910 was a hard one for Gaudí. 1918 death of his friend and patron Eusebi Güell. I have no family and no clients, no fortune nor anything. Now I can dedicate myself entirely to the Church. Gaudí dedicated the last years of his life entirely to the « Cathedral of the Poor », as it was commonly known, for which he took alms in order to continue. In 1936, during the course of the Spanish Civil War, Gaudí’s workshop in the Sagrada Familia was assaulted, destroying a large number of documents, plans and models of the modernist architect. Gaudí devoted his life entirely to his profession, remaining single.